The Fifteenth Amendment purported to withdraw race and color from the calculus of suffrage. Instead, it gave rise to an era of creative exclusion in which Southern states erected one barrier after another and Congress floundered in its attempts to secure the black vote it had promised.
Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act and Its Place in "Post-Racial" America,
Emory L. J.
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.law.emory.edu/elj/vol61/iss2/4