When the U.S. Supreme Court decided New Jersey v. T.L.O., cellular phones had yet to emerge in American society and public schools. Contemplating a world of physical possessions and tangible objects, the T.L.O. Court determined that public school students may expect only a minimal amount of privacy in their backpacks, purses, and other belongings while at school. The Court used these diminished privacy expectations to establish a heavily reduced standard of Fourth Amendment protection against unreasonable searches conducted by teachers and administrators.
A. J. Sprung,
From Backpacks to BlackBerries: (Re)Examining New Jersey v. T.L.O. in the Age of the Cell Phone,
Emory L. J.
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.law.emory.edu/elj/vol61/iss1/3