Emory International Law Review


Food scarcity is a dire matter impacting parts of our world such from Paraguay to Somalia. In these nations, the issue is serious enough to force individuals to leave their homeland for another country. However, under the current regime of human rights law, these individuals are left without protection. While international conventions guarantee them the freedom of movement, they are not promised the right to enter other countries. Likewise, though refugee law covers sudden, violent, or extreme deprivations, it does not account for slow degradation of the environment, or social, political, or economic issues that lead to food scarcity. Under both approaches, vulnerable individuals are stranded without legal protection. Douglas Stephens proposes solving this problem by developing methods to create positive rights for individuals whose rights to life are violated by food scarcities that cannot be remedied in situ.