In the summer of 2012, Poland and Ukraine co-hosted the 2012 UEFA European Football Championship. A week before kickoff, BBC's investigative journalism program, Panorama, aired a documentary highlighting pervasive violence, racism and anti-Semitism in the football stadiums in both these nations. Violent and racist hooliganism is not a new phenomenon in Europe, but the images and interviews were shocking as hundreds of thousands fans from all over Europe prepared to travel to Eastern Europe for Euro 2012.
Matthew R. Watson,
The Dark Heart of Eastern Europe: Applying the British Model to Football-Related Violence and Racism,
Emory L. J.
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.law.emory.edu/eilr/vol27/iss2/9