Emory International Law Review


The Arab Spring was a series of revolutions and demonstrations occurring in several nations throughout the Middle East and North Africa. One such revolution was the Libyan Civil War, which ended the forty-year reign of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi. While the revolution certainly affected the lives of Libyans, it also left its mark on international criminal law. On February 26, 2011, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 1970, which referred the situation in Libya to the International Criminal Court's Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) for an investigation into any international crimes committed by Muammar Gaddafi and his regime since February 15, 2011. As a result, the Pre-Trial Chamber (Chamber) of the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued warrants for the arrest of Muammar Gaddafi, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi (Gaddafi), and Abdullah al-Senussi, alleging their responsibility for committing crimes against humanity during the conflict. The charges against Muammar Gaddafi were dropped due to his death, but the case against Saif Gaddafi and al-Senussi has continued and become an important issue for the new Libyan government, which has challenged the admissibility of the Gaddafi case before the ICC. The Chamber denied Libya's admissibility challenge on May 31, 2013.