Author ORCID Identifier

John Witte, Jr. 0000-0001-8929-0267

Document Type


Publication Date



Religious and ethnic conflict, Religious balkanization, Religious freedom, International law, Human rights norms, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Defamation of religion


Clearly, religion and freedom do not yet coincide in many countries, however rosy their new constitutional claims are as to religious rights and freedoms for all. Apostasy, Blasphemy, Conversion, Defamation, and Evangelization-these are the new alphabet of religious rights violation in a number of regions around the world. Occurring at the intersection of religion and international human rights, these violations are also challenges to the universality of human rights and the democratic institutions that generate and affirm them.

First Page


Publication Title

Emory International Law Review